Iraq Facts

Geography


Geography coordinates

33 00 N, 44 00 E

Area

Total: 438,317 sq km
Land: 437,367 sq km
Water: 950 sq km

Land Boundaries

Total: 3,809 km
Border countries (6): Iran 1,599 km, Jordan 179 km, Kuwait 254 km, Saudi Arabia 811 km, Syria 599 km, Turkey 367 km

Coastline

58 km

Climate

Mostly desert; mild to cold winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq.

Terrain

Mostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey.

Land Use

Middle East, bordering the Arabian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait

Location

Middle East, bordering the Arabian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait

Land Use

Agriculture Land: 18.1%
Arable Land 8.4%; permanent crops 0.5%; permanent pasture 9.2%
Forest: 1.9%
Other: 80% (2011 est.)

Irrigated Land

35,250 sq km (2012)


People and Society


Population

40 Million (2019 est.)

Languages

Arabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect), Syriac (Neo-Aramaic), and Armenian are official in areas where native speakers of these languages constitute a majority of the population)

Age Structure

0-14 years: 39.46% (male 7,895,522/female 7,569,205)
15-24 years: 19.25% (male 3,841,375/female 3,702,187)
25-54 years: 33.84% (male 6,704,201/female 6,558,108)
55-64 years: 3.99% (male 752,598/female 812,683)
65 years and over: 3.46% (male 601,937/female 754,295) (2017 est.)

Population growth rate

2.55% (2017 est.)

Birth rate

30.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Death rate

3.8 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)

Life Expectancy at birth

Total population: 74.9 years
Male: 72.6 years
Female: 77.2 years (2017 est.)

Health Expenditures

Physicians Density: 0.85 physicians/1,000 population (2014)
Hospital Bed Density: 1.4 beds/1,000 population (2014)


Economy


GDP (purchasing power parity)

$652.6 billion (2017 est.)

GDP (official exchange rate)

$192.7 billion (2017 est.)

GDP- real growth rate

1.1% (2017 est.)
11% (2016 est.)
4.8% (2015 est.)

GDP-per capita (PPP)

$17,000 (2017 est.)

GDP – composition, by sector of origin

Agriculture: 4.8%
Industry: 40.6%
Services: 54.6% (2017 est.)

Labor Force

9.8 million (2017 est.)

Labor force - by occupation

Agriculture: 21.6%
Industry: 18.7%
Services: 59.8% (2008 est.)

Unemployed rate

22% (2017 est.)

Population below poverty line

25% (2017 est.)

Taxes and other revenues

36% of GDP (2017 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-)

-11% of GDP (2017 est.)

Public debt

63.7% of GDP (2016 est.)

Fiscal year

Calendar Year

Inflation rate (consumer prices)

2% (2017 est.)

Exports

$56.74 billion (2017 est.)

Exports – commodities

Crude oil 99%, crude materials excluding fuels, food, live animals

Exports – partners

India 21.2%, China 20.2%, US 15.8%, South Korea 9.4%, Greece 5.3%, Netherlands 4.8%, Italy 4.7% (2017)

Imports

$36.47 billion (2017 est.)

Imports – commodities

Food, medicine, vehicles, equipment, electronics, others

Imports – partners

Turkey 27.8%, China 25.7%, Iran 5.5%, South Korea 4.7%, Russia 4.3% (2017)

Reserves of foreign exchange and gold

$47 billion (December 2018 est.)

Debt - external

$73.43 billion (31 December 2017 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment – at home

$26.63 billion (2015 est.)

Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad

$2.109 billion (2015 est.)

Exchange rates

Iraqi Dinar (IQD) per US dollar
Official exchange rate: 1,184 (2019 est.)
Market exchange rate: 1,200 (2019 est.)


Energy


Electricity access

Population without electricity: 600,000

Electricity production

18,000 MW (June 2019)

Crude oil – production

4.454 million bbl/day (2019 est.)

Refined petroleum products - production

398,000 bbl/day (2019 est.)

Refined petroleum products - consumption

826,000 bbl/day (2016 est.)

Refined petroleum products - exports

7,080 bbl/day (2014 est.)

Refined petroleum products - imports

295,300 bbl/day (2014 est.)

Natural gas - production

1.3 billion cu m (2018 est.)

Natural gas - consumption

1.002 billion cu m (2015 est.)

Natural gas - exports

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Natural gas - imports

0 cu m (2013 est.)

Natural gas – proved reserves

3.158 trillion cu m (1 January 2017 est.)

Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy

137 million Mt (2013 est.)


Communications


Telephone – fixed lines

Total subscriptions: 2,918,396 (2017 est.)
Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 7 (2017 est.)

Telephone – mobile cellular

Total: 33,335,316 (2017 est.)
Subscription per 100 inhabitants: 77 (July 2016 est.)
Country comparison to the world: 42

Internet country code

.iq

Internet users

Total: 9.5M (July 2018 est.)
Percent of population: 23.75% (July 2018 est.)

Irrigated Land

35,250 sq km (2012)


Transportation


National air Career

Iraqi Airways (IA)

Ports

All ports of Iraq in the province of Basra south of Iraq.
Um Qasr Port South
Um Qasr Port North
Khor Al-Zubair Port
Al-Maakal Port
Abu Floos Port

International Airports

Baghdad Airport
Basra Airport
Erbil Airport
Sulaimaniya Airport
Mosul Airport
Najaf Airport

Pipelines

Gas 2,455 km; liquid petroleum gas 913 km; oil 5,432 km; refined products 1,637 km (2013)

Railways

Total: 2,272 km
Standard gauge: 2,272 km 1.435-m gauge (2014)

Roadways

Total: 59,623 km
Paved: 59,623 km (includes Kurdistan Region) (2012)

Waterways

5,279 km (the Euphrates River (2,815 km), Tigris River (1,899 km), and Third river (565 km) are the principal waterways) (2012)